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Syria


          

Syria is located between Lebanon and Turkey on the Mediterranean coast. Syria is considered to be part of the “cradle of civilization.” In the third millennium BC, it was the site of the sprawling Eblan civilization, which is thought to have one of the most ancient written languages. The Phoenicians, Sumerians, Hittites and other various ancient empires later conquered the area.

Syria the land of great diversity, starting from the coast, mountains, steppe ending in the Syrian Desert.

 Syria has a lot to offer to its tourists and one must visit all the epic sites and give their eyes a superb treat by devouring all the monuments and landmarks that stand tall in this region and tell mesmerizing tales of their respective eras.

 

Note: Travel to Syria is strongly not advised due to the state of severe political crisis, which has now escalated into, essentially, a civil war.

 

Attractions:

 

Ancient City of Bosra

Bosra is a major archa
eological site in Syria and has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The ancient city of Bosra is famous for its impressive and beautiful Roman theatre. Bosra is made almost entirely from black basalt, most of which has been filched from older buildings.

 



Apamea

55 km north of Hama; from Apamea, nestled on the east side of the Orontes Plain before the green starts to fade towards the desert to the east, you look out on a stunning sight, over the rich farmlands reclaimed from swamp towards the hazy skein of the Jebel Ansariye to the west.

 




Hama Water Wheels

The Norias of Bechriyyat in Hama,Syria. The water wheels atHama, known as Norias, are up to 20m high and have been standing since the 13th century

The Norias of Bechriyyat in Hama. The waterwheels at Hama, known as Norias, are up to 20m high 

 




Palmyra (Tadmur)

Palmyra is certainly one of the most impressive historical sites of the region.

The only sight, but a most extraordinary one, is the ruins, and here the Baal-shrine (or the Bel Temple) dating back to Roman time, is the most interesting. As the most well-preserved part of town, you will here get the most realistic impression of the past.

 



Umayyad Mosque, Damascus

It's in the heart of the Damascus at the end of Al-Hamidieh market. It was built by the Omayad Calif Al-Walid Bin Abdul Malki in the year 705 A.D.St John's Tomb is in it.

 





Aleppo Citadel

Aleppo’s citadel and its ramparts stand atop the ancient tell. The slopes of the hill have a glacis and ditch (today dry), reinforcing the site’s natural defences. Access to the fortress is through a remarkable entrance bastion beyond which lie a series of little streets and stairways leading to ochre-stone buildings. Mosques, ancient reservoir, hammam, Ayyubid palace… all worthy of attention, especially the sumptuous throne room.

 



Sarouj village

Hama surroundings, the Beehive Village of Sarouj, made of mud dwellings.. Sarouj is a town in the middle of the Syrian Desert, consisting of sheep herders living among houses resembling beehives. It is known as one of the "beehive villages" locally. They no longer live in the cone-shaped although they talk about how they're built to be cool in the summer and warm in the winter -

 



Krak des Chevaliers

"The Krak of the Knights, described by T.E. Lawrence as 'the best preserved and most wholly admirable castle in the world,' is the easternmost of a chain of five castles sited so as to secure the Homs Gap...The castle stands upon a southern spur of the Gebel Alawi, on the site of an earlier Islamic 'Castle of the Kurds.

 



The Citadel of Salah Ed-Din

T he Citadel of Salah ed-Din is located high in the coastal mountain range, some 24 kilometers east of Lattakia. Like many sites in Syria, the history of occupation on the site has gone through many phases, reaching back possibly to the Phoenician period (early first millennium BC). Much of what remains visible today dates from the Crusaders, who occupied the site around 1100 AD.

 



Ruins of Ugarit

Unlike the excavation sites of the resembling Mari andEbla,Ugaritwas built with stone not with mud-bricks. This is why most of the ruins are quite evident.

 




Lattakia

A Syrian city that dates back to the times of the Ancient Greek and still serves as a major commercial port of the country today. The region within this tourist spot in Syria has widely diversed landscapes ranging from sandy beaches to green mountains. Significant archaeological sites are close nearby for a day’s visit.



General info.

 

Capital: Damascus

Population: 22,5 million

Language: Arabic ( the official language), in addition to some others ( Aramaic, Kurdish)

Currency: Syrian Lira

Religion: Muslims ( Sunni and Alawi ): 75%; Christians, 11%; Druze and other religions 3%

Climate: mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus


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