Iceland is Europe's second largest island. situated at the confluence of the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans, on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
Iceland is a country with stunning landscapes, from mountains and glaciers to volcanoes and geysers. The capital Reykjavik and the other cities are all lively places where the culture and folklore of the country can be seen everywhere.
The nature is unspoiled and dominated by lava, mountains, waterfalls, lakes, hot springs, spouting geysers and glaciers. Iceland is truly the land of fire and ice.
Iceland is packed to the gills with cool adventure sports and cool things to do , most of the activities available can be done any time of year, though some are best suited for Summer versus Winter (and vice versa).
Iceland is famous for their “super jeeps,” specially modified Range Rovers, Toyota Land Cruisers and others that can ford streams, drive on glaciers and just about everything in between.
The biggest town in Northern Iceland, Akureyri, offers peace and tranquillity to travellers. The city is not a well-known tourist destination but is a perfect base from which to start excursions in the region. By staying in Akureyri, you will be able to go to some of the most remote and beautiful places in Iceland.
A diverse country, Iceland has beautiful landscapes and a countryside that beckon the outdoor traveler. This truly is a place where there is something for everyone. The people are warm and friendly. Iceland can truly be a very memorable vacation.
The Blue Lagoon
Iceland’s most famous geothermal pool is the country’s top tourist attraction. It might be crowded and expensive but there’s nothing like it in the world. This huge, milky-blue spa is fed by mineral-rich heated seawater from the nearby geothermal plant.
The Goldern Circle
The Golden Circle is a popular tourist route in South Iceland, covering about 300 km looping from Reykjavik into central Iceland and back.
The three primary stops on the route are the national park Thingvellir, the waterfall Gullfoss and the geothermally active valley of Haukadalur, which contains the geysers Geysir and Strokkur.
- Gullfoss or Golden Falls is a magnificent double cascading waterfall situated in a deep canyon on the Hivita River.
- The Haukadalur valley in South Iceland is a geothermically active region containing multitudes of geysers. The world’s oldest geyser, Geysir, can be found here, in a rough hewn natural viewing area along with several other active and inactive geysers and geothermically heated pools.
- Thingvellir, the heart of Iceland, was declared a national park in 1930. Thingvellir were nominated to the World Heritage List on July 2, 2004. The nomination states that the site is of outstanding universal value and should be preserved as a cultural site and for its natural environment.
Ásbyrgi is undoubtedly one of Icelands most beloved nature pearls. It is an enclosed canyon in Kelduhverfi district west of river Jökulsá á Fjöllum.
The horseshoe-shaped canyon of Ásbyrgi extends about 2 miles and averages about 0.6 miles in width and 300 feet in depth at its head.
Glaciers of Iceland
Iceland is a glaciated country. Approximately 11% of Iceland’s total area of roughly 100.000 km2 is covered by glaciers
Glaciers have three main locations in Iceland:
- Glacier Reykjavík: Iceland certainly has more than its fair share of glaciers and the South Coast is lined with many of its most magnificent glaciers and volcanoes. We here at Glacier Guides are proud to offer a wide selection of memorable hikes on these great white plateaus and volcanoes.
- Glacier Sólheimajökull: The glacier snout Solheimajokull is the southwestern outlet of the Myrdalsjokull icecap. It is about 8 km long and 1-2 km wide. River Jokulsa discharges it, and is sometimes called “The Stinking River” because of its emission of sulphuric acid from sub-glacial high temperature areas.
- Skaftafell: Skaftafell covers an area of about 1,600 sq km which spreads over three valley glaciers of the glaciers Skeidararjokull, Morsarjokull and Skaftafellsjokull on the southern fringes of Vatnajokull, Europe's largest glacier ice-cap.
In the north capital of Iceland Akureyri, there is a lake region called Mývatn. Here you will see volcanic craters that are truly out of this world, with creepy names like ‘The Gates of Hell’. Mývatn is also renowned as a top spot for bird watching.
South Iceland is a lowland region of lush farmland, striking waterfalls, sandy coastline, glaciers and quaint towns and villages. It is also an area of historical significance. Here the famous Icelandic Saga of Njáll occurred.
Westmann Islands – Vestmannaeyjar
A 2-3 hr drive from the capital via ring road 1 and a short ferry ride lies this volcanic island. Famous for it’s 1973 volcano explosion of Eldfell which left it’s physical mark on the local town and island.