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Azerbaijan

 

      


Azerbaijan, formally the Republic of Azerbaijan, is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe,

 

Azerbaijanis a surprising country indeed. Everything there is unique – the nature, the culture, the history, the customs and traditions, the architecture and many other things. Its other name is “Land of Fire” (from arabic “azer” – fire).Azerbaijan has more than 115 museums, galleries and their branches in every city and region of the republic.


One of the features the put Azerbaijan to the top list of worldwide-recognized tourist destinations is that it has more than half the total population of mud volcanoes in this world. The mud volcanoes are rare sceneries and if you want to have to see this wonder of the world then travel to Azerbaijan to witness the existence of a mud volcano. 

 

Azerbaijanwas once a major stopover on the Great Silk Route, and there are many captivating sights to see in this ancient country - Bronze Age petroglyphs, medieval minarets and mosques, the famous carpets, unique nature.  


The lovely nature of these places, numerous ancient relics, wonderful ethnographical variety and astonishing skills of the local craftsmen will leave an unforgettable impression of Azerbaijan at its guests.

 

 

 

Attractions:

 

Old City of Baku

 

Old City or Inner City is the historical core of Baku. In December 2000, the Old City of Baku, including the Palace of the Shirvanshahs and Maiden Tower, became the first location in Azerbaijan to be classified as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

 

 

 







Maiden Tower, Baku

 

The tower as known locally as Giz Qalasi located in the Old City,Baku. It was built between the 7th and 12th centuries.

 
















Mud volcanoes

mud volcanoes are one of nature’s more murky oddities. They’re found spattered throughout the world, but astonishingly around 300 of the earth’s estimated 700 mud volcanoes lie in Azerbaijan and the Caspian Sea.

 






 





Palace of the Shirvanshahs

The Shirvanshahs’ Palace ensemble is the biggest monument of the Shirvan-Apsheron branch of the Azerbaijani architecture. Shirvanshahs’ Palace is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Originally constructed by the ruler Shirvanshah Khalilulla I and his son, Faruk, Shirvanshahs’ Palace had both royal and religious significance.

 

 




 




Petroglyphs of Qobustan

 

Petroglyphs in Gobustan dating back to 10,000 BC indicating a thriving culture. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site considered to be of "outstanding universal value."

 











Fountain Square, Baku

 

Travellers will be amazed by the creativity of the dozens of imaginative fountains in this central square – just a ten-minute stroll from Four Seasons. Wonderful for people-watching, there are plenty of sidewalk cafés, restaurants and shops.

 











Governments House, Baku

The Government House is located in the heart of the city center,

Facing Baku Boulevardon the seafront of Azerbaijan, is the mighty Baku Government House. Constructed from 1936 to 1952, this mammoth structure took sixteen years to build under Soviet authority. Shortly after opening, the land at its entrance became known as Lenin's Square and it showcases a commemorative statue of Vladimir Lenin.

 







Lankaran City

 

Lankaran is a subtropical paradise and resort. It is located in the southeast of Azerbaijan practically on the border with Iran. In the east the city is washed by the waters of the Caspian Sea. The nature of Lankaran harmoniously combines high mountain tops, fertile lowlands and pebbly sea coasts.

 







Caucasus Mountain

 

The Caucasus Mountains are generally perceived to be a dividing line between Asia and Europe, and territories in Caucasia are alternately considered to be in one or both continents.

Xinaliq is a historic Caucasian village high in the Great Caucasus mountains.  It is a village with an ethnically distinct people with their own unique language, habits, and culture.  The village is called the land where hena (the plant) grows because at sunrise and sunset the surrounding mountains turn the color of hena. 

 

 


The Ateshgah

 

The Baku Ateshgah "Fire Temple" is a castle-like religious structure in Surakhani ,a suburb of greater Baku, Azerbaijan. "Atash" is the Persian word for fire.


 












General info.

 

 

 

Capital: Baku

 

Population: 9,493,600

 

Language: Azerbaijani (Azeri) (official) 90.3%, Lezgi 2.2%, Russian 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, other 3.3%, unspecified 1%

 

Currency: Azerbaijani Manats

 

Religion: Muslim 93.4%, other  6.6%

 

Climate: dry, semiarid steppe


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